By implementing two different design improvements, we were able to meet all customer requirements regarding weight and budget savings: a very successful project.
Our customer requested a Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger for their natural gas application. Due to the natural gas field pressure, the design pressure was 220 bar. The engineering company approached us to deliver the standard TEMA-AEL (fixed tube sheet) type. However, our customer had weight and price challenges and a limited budget. The AEL arrangement meant a lot of parts, resulting in extra weight of the equipment, hence a higher price.
To realize the requirements of our customer, we came up with two different types of Design Optimization:
After meticulously looking at the process condition, we realized we would be able to do a lot of thermal/hydraulic optimization to reduce the weight. We could design the equipment in such a way that it could be placed in a single-pass arrangement. Due to this arrangement, we could make use of the CONICAL shapes channels with inlet and outlet nozzles instead of conventional flat cover with channels in AEL type.
As the design pressure was high on the tube side, so was the thickness of the channel and the weight. During mechanical optimization, while designing the saddles, the overturning moment was more due to the noticeable high weights of the channels on both sides. To overcome the stresses, we placed the saddles on the rigid part tube sheet, which may otherwise conventionally be placed on the shell, resulting in higher thickness and higher weight.
With two types of Design Optimization, we were able to reduce the weight drastically. As a result, we can speak of a successful order and a happy customer.
Weight as per TEMA-AEL: minus ~19,000 kg
Weight after the design optimization: minus ~12,000 kg
MOC – SS 316
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